Posted in Cities Posted on 18 de November de 202118 de November de 2021by admin Cities Gijon: places to visit VISIT CORDOBA Cordoba, a city of extraordinary beauty with a unique cultural heritage. Founded in 169 BC, it was the capital of the Roman province of Hispania Ulterior Baética. The Stoic philosopher Lucius Annaeus Seneca, and the poet Lucan, were born in Cordoba. Even today we can continue to enjoy the Roman bridge, a local landmark and a fixture of life in the city. In 711 Arab and Berber armies invaded the Iberian Peninsula. Cordoba was the capital of the independent emirate and the Western Umayyad Caliphate, an era during which it reached its peak. In the 10th century it flourished into one of the largest cities in the world. Abderraman I began to erect the mosque of Cordoba on the site of the Christian Basilica of San Vicente Mártir. It currently houses the Cathedral of the Assumption, crafted in the Renaissance and Baroque styles. It was said to house the arm of Muhammad, making it a pilgrim site, an alternative to Mecca. Abderraman III, the first caliph, decided to build the city of Medina Azahara on the outskirts of Cordoba. In Cordoba there was a famous university and public library. And wealthy French women ordered their most elegant dresses from Cordoba. The historic Jewish quarter is located near the old mosque, where Maimonides, a Sephardic Jew, doctor and philosopher, was born. In 1236 Fernando III the Saint took the city, and Alfonso XI built the current fortress, the Alcazar of the Christian Kings, over the old Andalusian Alcazar. Scattered around the old town are palatial buildings, such as the Palacio de Viana, the Palacio de la Merced, Palacio de Orive, and the Palacio del Duque de Medina Sidonia… Cordovan cuisine features delightful olive oils, with which salmorejo, a thick tomato soup; the ham and cheese rolls known as flamenquines, and oxtail and lamb with honey, are made. In the month of May, the famous Cruces de Mayo festival is celebrated, in addition to the renowned Patio Festival and Contest.